Muscle & Joint Pain

This is an image from taken from VisibleBody. A major function of the deltoid muscle (green circle) is to lift the arm. However, with repetitive lifting and lack of recovery, this muscle becomes tighter and less capable. As a result, the upper trapezius (red circle) would likely have to take over some of the deltoid’s function. In time, the upper trapezius will also become fatigued because of the extra workload. This compensation cycle will lead to pain and dysfunction in your muscles and joints.

Movement Dysfunction

When we sit, our glute muscles (butt muscle) relax. Over time, these muscles become weaker. Since the glute is now weaker, hamstrings and low back muscles will likely have to compensate. This usually leads to tightness and pain. If you have tightness and pain in the back of the leg and the low back, it could be because your glutes are weak. The guy on the left has a stronger glute max muscle. As a result, he can squat much deeper and can keep his torso more upright (green line) than the guy on the right. Movement dysfunction leads to muscle compensation, and vice versa.

My Qualifications

I am a registered kinesiologist with the British Columbia Association of Kinesiologists. I am also a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist from the National Strength and Conditioning Association. This designation is widely considered the "gold standard" in personal training. I graduated from UBC Kinesiology, and then went to UBC graduate school to do research in human movements. Additionally, I have worked in multiple clinics, treating patients with ICBC and personal injuries.

My Services

Private Kinesiology

If you experience neck, shoulder, back, hip, knee or ankle pain during movement, you can benefit from kinesiology. Pain limits movement, which limits your capabilities. Whether you suffer from chronic pain or a recent injury, my goal is to help you move more freely and with less pain. Whether you are an athlete experiencing back pain during a deadlift, or an elderly person with pain, kinesiology can help.


I am NOT a physical therapist. However, I work at an award-winning physiotherapy clinic that employs only the highest-calibre physical therapists. Many clinics are owned by businessmen whose primary goal is to make money. That is why many clinics have therapists who see multiple patients at once, while using machines to fill your time. Our senior physiotherapist is the owner. Having a therapist as the owner means that your injury needs will be met. For more information, please visit Smart Motion Physio.

ICBC Active Rehab

The main difference between physiotherapy and active rehab is that physiotherapy employs mostly hands-on therapy, whereas active rehab uses more exercise therapy. Our active rehab sessions are 1-on-1 and lasts 60 minutes. Based on your injury needs, our program uses a mix of hands-on therapy, exercise therapy, ultrasonic therapy, heat/cold therapy, and patient education.

Your Initial Visit

I will examine of your body’s capabilities. Through measuring your joints’ range of motions, testing your muscular strength, understanding your medical and injury history, and inquiring into your daily movements, I will gain a complete picture of your body’s abilities. With that knowledge, I will develop a plan of action to improve your movement.